Sir Creek Agreement Upsc

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Sir Creek Agreement Upsc

Sir Creek () is a 96 km estuary in the uninhabited swamps of the Indus Delta, on the border between India and Pakistan. The stream flows into the Arabian Sea and separates the state of Gujarat, India, from Sindh Province, Pakistan. [2] The long-standing conflict between India and Pakistan, on the India-Pakistan border, stems from the delimitation “from the mouth of Sir Creek to the summit of Sir Creek and from sir Creek point eastward to a point on the line drawn on the western terminus.” [2] [3] From that date, the boundary will be clearly set as part of the 1968 Tribunal Award. [4] Sir Creek is located west of the Great Rann of Kutch in India. On the Indian side, Sir Creek is one of the six main streams in the region, the others are Vian Wari Creek (Vianbari and Viyanbari), Pir Sanai, Pabevari, Padala (16 km southeast of Sir Creek) and Kori the most easterly (34 km southeast of Sir Creek). [7] [5] All of these streams are located in the undisputed territory of India, with the exception of the westerner Sir Creek, claimed by both India and Pakistan. These ever-changing streams leave Indian territory, enter Pakistan, return to India and vice versa, creating a border of swampy wetlands that are difficult to patrol, with no physical barriers or fences. [5] The problem between India and Pakistan via Sir Creek is the interpretation of the border between Sindh and Kutch. The region was placed under the jurisdiction of the Bombay Presidency under British rule. After independence, Kutch came under India and Sindh under Pakistan. But Pakistan claims the entire creek under the 1914 agreement between Rao Maharaj of Kutch and the Sindh government. Sir creek humara hain sir creek pakistan ka hain sir creek sindh ka hain sir creek sindh ka hain The 1968 court resolution demarcated the boundaries between the two nations and Pakistan claims that the creek was included in Sindh, thus placing the border as the eastern flank of the creek. [12] Pakistan claims the entire creek in accordance with paragraphs 9 and 10 of the 1914 Sindh government resolution,[13] signed between the Sindh Division government and Rao Maharaj of Kutch.

[11] India continues to argue for its position that the central canal boundary lies, as shown by another map drawn in 1925 and implemented by the installation of central channel columns in 1924. [12] Although Pakistan does not dispute the 1925 map, it asserts that the doctrine is not applicable in this case, since it most often applies to non-tidal flows and Sir Creek is a tidal estuary.